Main  Contacts  
Table of contents
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION
REPRODUCTION-1
REPRODUCTION-2
REPRODUCTION-3
ANATOMY OF THE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS-1
ANATOMY OF THE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS-2
ANATOMY OF THE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS-3
ANATOMY OF THE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS-4
THE SEXUAL RELATIONS-1
THE SEXUAL RELATIONS-2
THE SEXUAL RELATIONS-3
THE SEXUAL RELATIONS-4
THE SEXUAL RELATIONS-15
CHASTITY-1
CHASTITY-2
CHASTITY-3
CONTINENCE
MARITAL EXCESSES-1
MARITAL EXCESSES-2
MARITAL EXCESSES-3
PREVENTION OF CONCEPTION:ITS EVILS AND DANGERS-1
PREVENTION OF CONCEPTION:ITS EVILS AND DANGERS-2
INFANTICIDE AND ABORTION
THE SOCIAL EVIL-1
THE SOCIAL EVIL-2
THE SOCIAL EVIL-3
SOLITARY VICE-1
SOLITARY VICE-2
RESULTS OF SECRET VICE-1
RESULTS OF SECRET VICE-2
EFFECTS IN FEMALES
CURATIVE TREATMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF SELF-ABUSE-1
CURATIVE TREATMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF SELF-ABUSE-2
CURATIVE TREATMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF SELF-ABUSE-3
A CHAPTER FOR BOYS-1
A CHAPTER FOR BOYS-2
A CHAPTER FOR BOYS-3
A CHAPTER FOR BOYS-4
A CHAPTER FOR GIRLS-1
A CHAPTER FOR GIRLS-2
A CHAPTER FOR GIRLS-3
INDEX

 

Menstruation.--The functional changes which occur in the female are 

much more marked than those of the male. As already intimated, the 

periodical development and discharge of an ovum by the female, which 

occurs after puberty, is accompanied by the discharge of a bloody fluid, 

which is known as the _flowers_, _menses_, or _catamenia_. The 

accompanying symptoms together are termed the process of 

_menstruation_, or _being unwell_. This usually occurs, in the human 

female, once in about four weeks. In special cases, the interval may 

be a week less or a week longer; or the variation may be even greater. 

Dalton describes the process as follows:-- 

 

"When the expected period is about to come on, the female is affected 

by a certain degree of discomfort and lassitude, a sense of weight in 

the pelvis, and more or less disinclination to society. These symptoms 

are in some cases slightly pronounced, in others more troublesome. An 

unusual discharge of vaginal mucus then begins to take place, which 

soon becomes yellowish or rusty brown in color, from the admixture of 

a certain proportion of blood; and by the second or third day, the 

discharge has the appearance of nearly pure blood. The unpleasant 

sensations which were at first manifest, then usually subside; and the 

discharge, after continuing for a certain period, begins to grow more 

scanty. Its color changes from a pure red to a brownish or rusty tinge, 

until it finally disappears altogether, and the female returns to her 

ordinary condition." 

 

The menstrual function continues active from puberty to about the 

forty-fifth year, or during the period of fertility. When it finally 

disappears, the woman is no longer capable of bearing children. The 

time of disappearance is termed the "change of life," or _menopause_. 

Exceptional cases occur in which this period is greatly hastened, 

arriving as early as the thirty-fifth year, or even earlier. Instances 

have also been observed in which menstruation continued as late as the 

sixtieth year, and even later; but such cases are very rare; and if 

procreation occurs, the progeny is feeble and senile. 

 

With rare exceptions, the function is suspended during pregnancy, and 

usually, also, during the period of nursing. 

 

Nature of Menstruation.--There has been a great amount of speculation 

concerning the cause and nature of the menstrual process. No entirely 

satisfactory conclusions have been reached, however, except that it 

is usually accompanied by the maturation and expulsion from the ovary 

of an ovum, which is termed ovulation. But menstruation may occur 

without ovulation, and, _vice versa_. 

 

Menstruation is not peculiar to the human female, being represented 

in the higher animals by what is familiarly termed the "rut." This is 

not usually a bloody discharge, however, as in the human female, though 

such a discharge has been observed in the monkey. 

 

It has been quite satisfactorily settled that the discharge of the ovum 

from the ovary generally takes place about the time of the cessation 

of the flow. Immediately after the discharge, the sexual desires of 


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